‘Tiny Targets’ Aid in Fighting African Sleeping Sickness

NEW ORLEANS — Deployment of an extremely simple device in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) appeared to dramatically reduce the tsetse fly population, though whether it cut transmission rates for gambiense-human African trypanosomiasis (gHAT) remains to be seen, a researcher said here.

Called “Tiny Targets,” the device consists of insecticide-treated fabric not much bigger than a handkerchief, mounted on a stick and placed along rivers and other water bodies where tsetse flies congregate, explained Inaki Tirados, PhD, of the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine in England.

The devices were installed in three yearly phases during 2015-2017 as part of a broader effort to combat gHAT (also…

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