Tag Archives: factor

Smoking is Strong PAD Risk Factor in African Americans

African Americans who smoke are at substantially increased risk for developing peripheral artery disease (PAD), with a dose-dependent association with subclinical disease, a Jackson Heart Study analysis showed.

After adjustment for covariates, current smokers had increased risk of ankle‐brachial index <1 (OR 2.2, 95% CI, 1.5-3.3), as well as increased risk of abdominal aortic (OR 8.4, 95% CI, 5.8-12.0) and aortoiliac calcium (OR 9.6, 95% CI, 6.7-13.7).

“After risk adjustment, current smokers had 2.2 times the likelihood of subclinical lower extremity PAD and >8 times the likelihood of a high aortic calcium burden,” Donald Clark III, MD, of the University of Mississippi Medical Center in Jackson, and colleagues reported.

PAD is…

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Nkrumah’s All Africa People’s Conference: The Zimbabwean factor

This December marks the 60th anniversary of the All African People’s Conference (AAPC) in Accra, Ghana. The nearly weeklong event in 1958 convened some 200 people representing 60 organisations from 27 countries, including prominent pan-African personalities like Patrice Lumumba and Tom Mboya. It marked a decisive shift in the organisation of pan-Africanist conferences from Europe to Africa and on the eve of the independence of many of the still colonised territories on the continent. It constitutes a key marker in the consolidation of Kwame Nkrumah’s image as a pan -African icon.

The initial impact of the AAPC was, however, much more than symbolic. An examination of the surge of political action in colonial Zimbabwe (then known as Southern Rhodesia) following the conference reveals the…

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Africa aid should factor debt sustainability, Japan says

TOKYO — Japan will focus on high-quality infrastructure investment in its aid to Africa, the country’s foreign minister said Saturday, seeking to build its profile on the continent while distinguishing itself from China, whose massive contributions have stirred fears of debt traps.

“I would like to reiterate the importance of sound debt management in order to enable sustainable development for Africa with African ownership,” Taro Kono told counterparts from at least 50 African countries at the start of two-day ministerial meetings of the Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD).

A major theme in the talks was Beijing’s lending practices, which often involve saddling borrowing countries with huge debts and then extracting concessions, including the right to use key…

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