Renewable energy in Africa in the era of climate change

Africa has a significant supply of wind, sunshine, hydropower and even geothermal resources

Concerns about carbon emissions from traditional coal-fired power stations coupled with a projected tripling in African energy demand by 20301 make renewable energy essential to power generation on the continent. Lack of access to electricity is only one challenge that Africa faces, but it is one of the most significant obstacles to socio-economic development.

Africa currently accounts for one-sixth of the world’s population. However, it generates only 4 percent of the world’s electricity. Furthermore, South Africa and the countries north of the Sahara account for three-quarters of the continent’s energy consumption. Close to 600 million Africans have…

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