May 7, 1955: The Rev. George Lee was assassinated in Belzoni, Mississippi, after using his pulpit and his printing press to urge other American Africans to vote. His work had led to the registration of 93 African Americans, angering some white residents. Two shotgun blasts hit Lee in the face as he was driving home, and his Buick smashed into a house. Authorities claimed the lead pellets found in his shattered jaw were fillings from his teeth, but FBI tests revealed the pellets were buckshot. No one was ever prosecuted. Lee is usually considered the first martyr of the modern civil rights movement, and he is among 40 martyrs listed on the Civil Rights Memorial in Montgomery, Alabama.