A dream for true independence; State’s first African-American community thrives, but not for long


It was the days of Jim Crow and the resurgence of the Ku Klux Klan. Just like their white counterparts, African-Americans were finding their way west to start a new life and homesteading their own land.

The town of Blackdom, New Mexico, became the state’s first community of African-Americans. It was established about 18 miles south of Roswell by Francis “Frank” Marion Boyer, a homesteader from Pullam, Georgia. Frank Boyer was the son of Henry Boyer who had come to New Mexico as a wagoner in Col. Alexander Doniphan’s army of Missouri volunteers. Doniphan came to New Mexico with Gen. Stephen W. Kearny for the so-called “bloodless” conquest in the summer of 1846.

Both Doniphan and Kearny are known for their significant contributions to the Mexican-American…

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